For mothers-to-be, the first trimester of gestation is a time of adjustment. At 10 weeks pregnant, her body is rapidly changing and baby is starting to grow. What can mothers expect at this time and how can she get ready for more changes that will occur in her body?
Hello there, Baby!
The length of your baby at this point is around 1.50 inches or 3.10 centimeters. It is about the size of a prune and similarly shaped like a cocktail shrimp. Weighing less than 4 grams, he is a tiny ball of wonder that is actively growing, kicking his limbs and swallowing lots of fluid. From an embryo, it is now called a fetus, which literally means “offspring”. This is the phase of rapid growth and your baby is taking up human form just as quickly.
There are small marks on his legs that will soon be ankles and knees. He even has elbows that he can bend in his tiny arms. Tiny baby teeth are starting to form underneath his gums. His kidneys, intestines, liver, lungs and brain are all functional and fully formed. In fact, his kidneys and abdomen are producing large amounts of urine and digestive juices. If your baby is a boy, this is the time his testes are producing testosterone.
At this time, bones are growing and hair is starting to peek from his head. The forehead sits prominently on the top of the head and bulges temporarily. This, however, will change into a more baby-like appearance in the coming months. Until 27 weeks, his eyelids will remain close; however, he can already hear your voice since the components of his inner ears are already developed.
The spine of your baby can be seen as well. At the end of one part of the spinal cord, neurons are already present and there are basic divisions present in the brain.
Do you know what the most exciting development on the 10th week is? You can distinctively hear the heartbeat of your baby during an ultrasound! Although the genitals are still continuing to form, the baby’s sex cannot be determined by sonogram just yet.
Mommy’s New Body
At 10 weeks pregnant, not only is your baby rapidly growing, but the womb or uterus can also be felt midway higher than the pubic bone. It is now like a grapefruit in size, but still expands within the following weeks.
You can expect the subsequent changes and symptoms to occur in your body throughout this wonderful stage:
Glow of Pregnancy
Thanks to the hormones progesterone and HCG and a rise in blood volume, your skin will appear plum and slightly flushed. These hormones manufacture an increasing quantity of oil glands, which makes the facial complexion smoother and shinier. You will notice a lovelier cleavage since progesterone and estrogens are operating overtime to spur the glands that are liable for milk production to grow there.
Emotionally, women at 10 weeks of pregnancy feel that they are on a roller-coaster ride of joyful highs and sudden lows. These pregnancy hormones are the cause of these mood swings and can really be frustrating. With much of the past weeks, leaving them anxious, exhausted or queasy, these surges in hormonal levels do not seem to help. But take heart, with the advent of the second trimester, hormonal fluctuations will even out, giving a much needed emotional relief for these mothers-to-be.
For the bulk of moms-to-be, gestation hormones are the leading wrongdoer of constipation. The muscles belonging to the large bowel become sluggish and fail to do the job. Some of the remedies that may assist you throughout this time are:
Doing low impact exercises
Drinking plenty of fresh water daily
Eating vegetables, fruits and whole grains
As the body’s blood supply increases by 20-40 percent throughout gestation, you will suddenly notice these blue lines in your skin, primarily within the abdomen and breast area. You will also notice that the veins in your hands and feet appear more prominent than before. These are the ever growing network that will carry blood supply to nourish the growing fetus inside your body. These disappear once the baby is born and once breastfeeding is stopped.
Although it occurs naturally to every pregnant lady, some can also have food aversion that seemed to have popped out of nowhere. To attenuate weight gain and facilitate the management of food cravings, distractions do help a lot like walking, reading a book, calling friends or exercising gently.
Now is the time not to be a super mom and get help from your spouse or other family members. The great news is that after a month or so when hormones have already evened out, you will feel less tired and begin to feel more energetic to try to do the things you enjoyed before.
Feeling Nauseous and Vomiting
Feeling queasy can put a bunch of pregnant women feeling helpless and immobilized to do any activity. Pregnancy hormones are again the reason for this, but will surely disappear once the second trimester kicks in. One way to manage nausea and vomiting is to eat small but frequent meals, avoiding oily and fatty food that aggravates the condition. Sucking on candy and mint conjointly helps, as well as popping some ice cubes in your mouth and eating little amounts of fruits.
Indigestion and Heartburn
One way to stop this is often to refrain from eating when you are lying down. Additionally, do not lie down after consuming a heavy meal, however sleepy you might be. Use pillows to elevate your head when sleeping.
Your pregnancy hormones relax all the muscles in your body, including the ones in your gastrointestinal tract. This produces viscous gas and indigestion. Avoid eating food that gives the most gas like beans or broccoli. Begin a food diary to determine what can trigger flatulence.
Achiness within the Lower Abdomen
This pain is caused by the stretching of the ligament that supports your belly. Because it gets heavier, the ligaments are pulled, which causes pain. Getting off your feet and resting helps a great deal.
Estrogen increases the blood flow and produces a lot of secretion to the pelvic region. There is no need to use any special feminine wash or wipes because this white, opaque discharge is harmless.
You guess it right; your hormones are responsible for occasional headaches when you are 10 weeks pregnant. Getting plenty of rest and employing a cold compress on your head can help a lot. Your doctor may also prescribe acetaminophen to ease the pain.