Pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks, that is 280 days but to make it easy to understand what’s happening with you and your baby during these 280 days, your pregnancy is divided in three trimesters. Each trimester consists of 3 months and the growth and development of the foetus change drastically within these three trimesters and the care tips for the mother also vary within these trimesters. Let’s understand what happens in these three stages of pregnancy and what care tips you must follow in each trimester to ensure a healthy baby and easy delivery.
When you conceive, the first month goes away without notice for some, while for others, early symptoms of pregnancy such as morning sickness, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and fatigue fall in and make the initial days of pregnancy troublesome.
Other symptoms such as swollen and tender breasts, upset stomach, loss of appetite, loss of weight, mood swings, food cravings and aversions etc might set in. Frequent urination, heartburn and headache are also commonly observed during this stage of pregnancy.
The first trimester, particularly the second and the third month of pregnancy usually need some extra care such as avoiding strenuous activities, climbing stairs and particularly wearing high heels. Prefer wearing loose clothing to ensure your uterus does not feel tightened when it actually need to grow and make room for the embryo to grow. Lose of weight during the first trimester is a common sign and there is nothing to worry about it. You baby is nearly the size of a kidney bean by the end of first trimester.
There are many visible changes in your body during this trimester. Although many early symptoms of pregnancy such as nausea, fatigue and food aversions might start to fade away, you will start noticing stretch marks on your abdomen, breasts, thighs and hips start to show up. A line on the skin from your belly button down to the pubic hair begins to darken and the area around the nipples also becomes dark in colour.
Second trimester is usually the most comfortable phase of pregnancy. Your body starts growing in size and it’s time to start monitoring your stages of pregnancy on week by week basis. You will begin to feel the baby movements during this phase. Food cravings usually get stronger by the end of second trimester.
The first part of third trimester is comparatively easier to adjust to, however, during the later part of it brings along a bit of discomfort in sitting, lying down and other movements. Your body grows even more in size, yet adding to pain and cramps in your legs and swelling in your ankles and feet. However, it is important to continue taking regular walks and persist on regular and light physical activities to help the baby take the right position for child birth. Shortage of breath, heartburn and frequent urination add to the discomfort of the would-be mom, although these are common symptoms that are natural and cannot be avoided much, consuming healthy and less spicy food can though help a bit if not much.
By the end of your third trimester, you will feel contractions and baby dropping. Contractions can be false or real signs of labour. It is very important to stay vigilant and alert during the last phase of your third trimester and check for spotting and discharge. Consult your health advisor immediately in case you observe any of such indications.
Although every pregnancy is different, monitoring your pregnancy on month on month or week by week basis helps in knowing what’s happening inside your body.