In every menstrual cycle, there are at most 3 days that you can get pregnant. A menstrual cycle starts from the first day of menses to the day before the first day of the next menstruation. This happens over and over for around 40 years from the very first menstruation through menopause. So if you have a regular menstrual cycle, not using contraceptives of any kind, and asking when can you get pregnant, the answer is you have 400 chances in 1,200 days of your lifetime.
The ovarian-endometrial cycle is a series of hormonal processes where a woman’s body is being prepared for pregnancy. The inner lining of the uterus becomes thick with lots of arteries and veins. At the same time an egg cell from the ovary is being processed for release to be available for fertilization by a sperm cell. The egg cell is available for 2 more days after release from the ovary. When the egg is not fertilized, another series of processes take place causing the tissues of the uterus to slough off including the arteries and veins causing bleeding and eventually comes out as menstrual blood.
According to findings, it almost always takes fourteen days from the release of the egg cell from the ovary to the first day of the next menstruation regardless if the woman is regular or not. This is in contrast to the common belief that ovulation happens fourteen days after the first day of menses. This will not apply if a woman has a 25 or 35-day cycle. So if you have regular periods and you want to know when can you get pregnant, what you have to do is know when your next period will be then count twelve to fourteen days backwards.
But when can you get pregnant if your period is not regular? This can either be solved by making your periods regular with hormonal treatments prescribed by your physician, especially if the interval between periods takes weeks or even months. If everything is normal despite all the tests, health care providers who are advocates of natural contraception would teach you about the signs of ovulation. When these are present, it means you have a good chance to get pregnant.
Basal body temperature is one of the methods to predict ovulation. Based on the principle that a woman’s temperature is higher during ovulation, this method is inconvenient and troublesome since you have to wake up at the same time every morning to take your temperature and plot it. There are also many factors that make this inaccurate like weather conditions, fever, and diseases that may affect your body temperature.
Cervical mucus is one of the most reliable ways of predicting ovulation in terms of natural means. Before ovulation, this is usually sticky, creamy or absent. When you ovulate, you put out a lot more cervical mucus that feels and looks like egg whites and you can stretch it up to an inch or longer between your fingers. This can be affected by drugs that dry up mucus membranes as well as polycystic ovarian disease.
Increased libido is also a sign of ovulation. However, these are highly affected by stress, and mental conditions such as depression as well as the pressure of wanting to get pregnant or avoiding pregnancy.
There are ovulation predictors kits detects hormones that are usually elevated during ovulation. Like the cervical mucus test, this is affected by polycystic ovarian disease, where ovulation hormones are also elevated.
Breast tenderness is another sign of ovulation that most women experience. However this is not as accurate as the cervical mucus test since there are women that experience this after ovulation and also just before menstruation.
All these changes are results of the hormonal surge that you experience when your body prepares itself for fertilization and eventual pregnancy.
One of the causes of irregular periods is hormonal imbalance. This may be brought about by obesity, stress, diseases, infections, or drugs. Consulting your health care provider may help stir you in the right direction on how to deal with these conditions.
Obesity is one of the most common reasons why women can’t get pregnant. Excessive fat in your body affects your hormonal balance, preventing your ovary from developing or releasing egg cells. Most women are able to conceive after losing weight. If you are planning on going on a special diet to lose weight, make sure it will provide you with the right balance of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Any diet that is low on something will lead to a deficiency of that nutrient and may cause problems to your pregnancy.
Exercise is another way of losing weight as well as toning your body and strengthening it for the anticipated pregnancy. Most people with no metabolic disorder get fat because of too much food and too little physical activity. It is also a good reliever of stress, which is also another cause of hormonal imbalance.
Natural food supplements play a role in restoring hormonal balance. These are food that are dried up or whose important nutrients are extracted and packed in capsules or tablets. Most of the ingredients of food supplements have antioxidant properties. The premise of this effect is that at the cellular level, all diseases are brought about by oxidative stress at different points in development or metabolism. Antioxidants reverse these bad effects and restore the cells function and development back to normal.
Aside from studies, take into consideration the testimonials of people who have used these products. There are a lot of women who have been treated medically and failed only to get pregnant by taking supplements. But be aware that there are supplements that might prevent pregnancy. Ginseng, for example, has been used since ancient times to restore health and energy but recent animal studies found that it prevents ovulation.
Calcium is an important supplement that women past puberty should store up on. Taking calcium prevents osteoporosis later in life. It also helps strengthen bones including those of the spinal column to minimize backache which is a common problem during pregnancy.